Why we may need to remove a tooth
An extraction may be required if a tooth and/or surrounding area has been damaged irreversibly or beyond repair either by decay, infection, gum disease or trauma. Retention of a tooth is always what the Central Dental team endeavour for but in some cases, extraction is the best treatment option.
Reasons why a tooth may need to be removed
Tooth has extensive damage
If a tooth is badly decayed or damaged due to trauma.
If a tooth root has cracked or split and repair is not possible.
Periodontal disease (gum disease) is when bacterial build up accumulates on the tooth and begins to infect the gums causing bleeding and inflammation, if left untreated it may affect the bone and ligaments around the teeth. This may cause the tooth to become loose in its socket and despite treatment, saving the tooth may not be possible.
Prevention of Complications
If a tooth is extensively damaged and does not get treated promptly it can cause complications such as infection or abscess. This may lead to the spread of infections through the blood stream and may affect the general health of the patient. A damaged tooth may also begin to affect adjacent teeth.
If a tooth has no opposing partner to grind against during chewing it may be better to remove it, as it may cause issues for the soft tissue and gums nearby.
A tooth may be removed as part of orthodontic treatment or a treatment plan to improve the appearance and function of the whole mouth.
Generally, the dentist will take an x-ray of the tooth and jaw, this can help the dentist plan the best and safest way to remove the tooth. Most cases, the dentist can remove the tooth but sometimes the removal can be more complex and require a specialist. Examples of more complex extractions can be the tooth is broken below the gum, the remaining tooth is brittle or the tooth has not erupted from the gum, often the case of wisdom teeth.
To remove the tooth without pain, a local anaesthetic will be given. During the removal you may feel mild pressure and tension from the dentist. Once the tooth is removed, the dentist will provide you with instructions to care for the extraction site while the area heals.